Study of human action itself, or of the virtues and human happiness we can begin to understand why aristotle insists that the understanding sought in moral philosophy must be sharply distinguished from the understanding of other matters if we bear in. Aristotle defines the supreme good as an activity of the rational soul in accordance with virtue virtue for the greeks is equivalent to excellence a man has virtue as a flautist, for instance, if he plays the flute well, since playing the flute is the distinctive activity of a flautist. Epicurus (and subsequent hedonists) agreed with aristotle that happiness, or eudaimonia, is the highest good, but he identified this with pleasure, on the grounds that pleasure is the only thing that people value for its own sake, and that its presence or absence is something which is immediately apparent to everyone. But people mean such different things by the expression that he finds it necessary to discuss the nature of it for himself for starters, happiness must be based on human nature, and must begin from the facts of personal experience. Virtues, according to aristotle, can be divided into virtues of character such as: generosity, honesty, justice, temperance, courage, and virtues of intellect: wisdom, understanding in order to become a 'good' person and attain eudaimonia , one must be a virtuous person by exercising the virtues.
It looks like you truncated the two ends of your question i presume the 'istotle' is aristotle but the end truncation prevents me from answering your possible question. Aristotle to answer the question of what does aristotle understand by ethics and how important is his view of humanity to ethics, let us first consider some definitions and concepts around ethics and ponder on some details regarding aristotle himself. Aristotle's nicomachean ethics essay - in consideration to nicomachean ethics, aristotle's view of the great-souled man is that of an individual that represents happiness and obtains the five virtues: wisdom, justice, bravery, self-control, and the overall goodness within an individual (happiness.
Because happiness is an activity of the soul according to virtue, it is necessary to examine human virtue something is considered to have reason in two senses: that which has reason in itself and that which listens to reason. Aristotle gives his definition of virtue later when he describes it, saying, ǳvirtue, then, is a state of character concerned with choice, lying in a mean, ie the mean relative to us, this being determined by a rational principleǳ (1106b-1107a) aristotleǯs conceptions of choice and the mean are also long and involved, so it should be. Happiness, as the ethical end, does not simply consist in moral virtue, however, but includes intellectual virtue as well, and complete happiness is a contemplative as well as a practical activity yet, aristotle does not exclude all of the common-sense notions of happiness.
A+ grade solution phi 208 week 4 discussion 1 prompt aristotle says that the virtues are necessary for humans to attain happiness, but he means this in terms of something we might call flourishing or living well, which he considers quite different than simply feeling good. One important difference between epicurus' eudaimonism and that of plato and aristotle is that for the latter virtue is a constituent of eudaimonia, whereas epicurus makes virtue a means to happiness. (this is what aristotle means by the virtue of pride or high-mindedness [megalopyschia]) one will have realized that one has chosen the right ends for the right reasons one will have realized that one has chosen the right ends for the right reasons.
Chris surprenant (university of new orleans) discusses the account of human well-being and the good life presented by aristotle in the nicomachean ethics and politics. After what we have said, a discussion of friendship would naturally follow, since it is a virtue or implies virtue, and is besides most necessary with a view to living for without friends no one would choose to live, though he had all other goods even rich men and those in possession of office and. Aristotle is one of the greatest thinkers in the history of western science and philosophy, making contributions to logic, metaphysics, mathematics, physics, biology, botany, ethics, politics, agriculture, medicine, dance and theatre.
Aristotle says that the moral life consists, not in following moral rules that stipulate right actions, but in striving to be a virtuous person whose actions stem naturally from virtuous character most virtue ethicists look, not to moral principles for guidance, but to moral exemplars such as socrates and gandhi. In the topics, aristotle provides his philosophical analysis of human ends and means he explains that means or instruments of production are valuable because their end products are useful to people he explains that means or instruments of production are valuable because their end products are useful to people. For an x aristotle himself uses the example of a horse, and says that the virtue of the horse ''makes a horse both good in itself and good at running and at carrying its rider and at awaiting the attack of enemy'' (ne 26 1106a19. Aristotle repeats a number of times that his table presents only a rough approximation and that virtues lie closer to one vice than another to different extents for different people the table of virtues just presented is not intended as a set of exact rules.